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Asunto:[MESHIKO] Realidades de la economía gringa...
Fecha:Domingo, 4 de Mayo, 2003  13:46:21 (-0500)
Autor:Sylvia Maria Valls <smvalls @...........mx>

Del:  Digest for prorev@topica.com, issue 482
MOTA, PORNOGRAFÍA Y TRABAJO INDOCUMENTADO MANTIENEN AFLOTE AL ECONOMÍA DE LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS. 
 
POT PORN & ILLEGAL LABOR HELPING TO KEEP ECONOMY AFLOAT

DUNCAN CAMPBELL, GUARDIAN - Marijuana, pornography and illegal labor
have created a hidden market in the United States which now accounts
for
as much as 10% of the American economy, according to a study. As a cash
crop, marijuana is believed to have outstripped maize, and hardcore
porn
revenue is equal to Hollywood's domestic box office takings. Despite
laws that punish marijuana cultivation more strictly than murder in
some
states, Americans spend more on illegal drugs than on cigarettes. And
despite official disapproval of pornography, the US leads the world in
export of explicit sex videos, according to Reefer Madness: Sex, Drugs
and Cheap Labor in the American Black Market, by Eric Schlosser.

Although the official American economy has been suffering a downturn,
the shadow economy is enjoying unprecedented levels of success, much in
the way that the prohibition period fuelled the illegal markets in the
30s. Schlosser found that three specific industries accounted for a
major portion of this boom. No aspect of farming has grown faster in
the
US over the past three decades than marijuana, with one-third of the
public over the age of 12 having smoked the drug.

While the nation's largest legal cash crop, maize, produces about $19
billion in revenue, "plausible" estimates for the value of marijuana
crops reach $25 billion. Steve White, a former coordinator for the US
drug enforcement administration's cannabis eradication program,
estimates that the drug is now the country's largest cash crop. . .

Some estimates suggest 3 million Americans grow marijuana, although
mostly for their own or their friends' use, but between 100,000 and
200,000 are believed to do so for a living.

The annual number of hardcore video rentals in the US has risen from 79
million in 1985 to 759 million in 2001. Hardcore pornography in the
shape of videos, the internet, live sex acts and cable television is
now
estimated to generate around $10 billion , roughly the same amount as
Hollywood's US box office receipts.

Americans spend more money at strip clubs than at Broadway, regional
theatres and orchestra performances combined. The industry has
mushroomed since the 70s, when a federal study found that it was worth
little more than $10 million. . .

The internet has provided a fresh and profitable outlet. In 1997 about
22,000 porn websites existed; the number is now closer to 300,000 and
growing.

More than a million illegal farm workers are estimated to be employed
in
the US, with the average worker being a 29-year-old from Mexico. . .

http://www.guardian.co.uk/usa/story/0,12271,947880,00.html